Herdin Record #:
Genetic and phenotypic characterization of sylvatic dengue virus type 4 strains
Publication Sub Type:
Four serotypes of dengue virus (DENV 1-4) currently circulate between humans and domestic/ peridomestic Aedes mosquitoes, resulting in 100 million infections per year. All four serotypes emerged, independently, from sylvatic progenitors transmitted among non-human primates by
arboreal Aedes mosquitoes. This study investigated the genetic and phenotypic changes associatedwith emergence of human DENV-4 from its sylvatic ancestors. Analysis of complete genomes of 3 sylvatic and 4 human strains revealed high conservation of both the 5?- and 3?-untranslated
regions but considerable divergence within the open reading frame. Additionally, the two ecotypes did not differ significantly in replication dynamics in cultured human liver (Huh-7), monkey kidney (Vero) or mosquito (C6/36) cells, although significant inter-strain variation within ecotypes was detected. These findings are in partial agreement with previous studies of DENV-2, where human strains produced a larger number of progeny than sylvatic strains in human liver cells but not in monkey or mosquito cells.
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|Philippine Council for Health Research and Development Library